Records of the Jewish Community of Cairo, 1886-1961
The Jewish Community of Cairo in the Twentieth Century
European colonial intervention in African affairs in the mid-nineteenth century had its strongest impact on Egypt. French engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps built the Suez Canal (1869) and British engineers built the country's first railroad system. With French and British influence growing in the country, Egypt had to respond to international demands and pressures which destroyed its traditional economic structure. The subsistence farming system, which provided all essential goods required by the farmer and his family without leaving any surplus for sale, still prevailed in Egypt. It was abruptly replaced by an exchange economy based on international trade of goods and services ... Read more
The Egyptian Jewish Community: Demography
Within a short period of time, fewer than sixty years, Egyptian society was completely transformed. Rapid changes affecting the economy and shifts in the political system had serious repercussions for the Jewish community. Modernization forced Egyptian Jews to reconsider their established customs and practices, and introduced western ideas into their culture.
There is no census of the Jewish population in Egypt until the end of the nineteenth century when an estimated 25,000 Jews lived in the country. The Jewish population increased to more than double between 1897, the year of the first available census, and 1917, when it was estimated at 60,000. This figure remained stable until the mass emigration of 1947. Today, only a few hundred Jews are left in Cairo and Alexandria.
Commemorating the 1948 forced exodus of nearly a million Jews from Arab countries, Yeshiva University’s Bernard Revel Graduate School of Jewish Studies and Sephardic Community Program partnered with the Consul General of Israel in New York to pay tribute to the rich cultural heritage of modern Jewry in Arab lands. Held on December 5, the event featured an address by Dani Dayan, Consul General of Israel, and a lecture by Dr. Daniel Tsadik, associate professor of Sephardic and Iranian studies at YU.
A Pictorial History of the Israeli Community Schools in Egypt
Since time immomorial the Community in Egypt has been known as "ISRAELI" even during the Nasserite era. In the late 1990's Carmen Weinstein unilateraly changed the community's name to "Jewish" without consulting any of its members.
Responding to Haroun’s concerns about pressures on her by Israel and Jewish organizations, al-Namnam said “the books are Egyptian and no country has right to call for them.”
He also dismissed the idea of Israel could offer financial support for restoration, saying “at the end Israel will not ask and we will not accept.”
The books for now remain shuttered in their cases in the forgotten synagogue tucked into Cairo’s bustling downtown.
Magda Haroun Replaces Carmen Weinstein
Closing the door: the last Jews of Cairo
Published on Nov 13, 2015 '4000 years of presence in Egypt - since Moses'. Up to the 1950s tens of thousands of Jews were living in Egypt. Following the wars with Israel, most Jews left the country. Magda Haroun, head of the Egyptian Jewish Community Council speaks in the empty Sha'ar-Hashamayim-Synagogue, describing the present situation of Jews in Egypt. She is worried about what will happen to the synagogues when the last Jews in Egypt have died. Video produced by Sammler un Jager Filmproduktion GmbH, all rights reserved.
Correspondence with Mrs. Magda Haroun
HSJE Congratulates Mrs. Haroun upon her nomination to the presidency of the Jewish community of Egypt.
“The failure to draw a distinction between Judaism as a religion and the Israeli state is the result of ignorance,” Magda Haroun continued, according to the transcript of the interview published on the Egypt Independent news website.
The Egyptian Jewish Community Council in April unanimously chose Haroun as its new leader, after the passing of the community’s former head, Carmen Weinstein.
VIDEOS BY VARIOUS CONTRIBUTORS
Brazilian immigration cards given to Jews from Egypt in the 1950s.
« Les Chemins de la poésie » se font tortueux, pleins de virages inattendus, explorant tout autant les émois passionnels que les coins dun globe soumis, encore et toujours, à lintolérable Appel à léveil des consciences et de la mémoire, odes à la paix et à la réconciliation, hommages aux abîmés et traumatisés forment ainsi le matériau dans lequel est coulée une uvre dont les notes rappellent autant le Qaddish que lhumanisme
Daily Prayers - Hebrew with Arabic Translation Authored by Dr. Hillel Yaacob Farhi Edition: Fouth Edition of the 1917 Prayer Book.
Daily prayers, Shabbat prayers, Special prayers, Minor Holidays prayers (except Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur), Supplications, Blessings and Hymns from Syria and Egypt. With Arabic translation of each facing Hebrew page.
Growing Up Jewish in Alexandria
Lucienne Carasso grew up in Alexandria, Egypt. Her cozy, secure and settled world was shattered by the Suez Canal Crisis in November 1956 when her father and uncle were interned by the government of Gamal Abdel Nasser. This marked the beginning of the end of the century-long sojourn of her extended Sephardic family in Egypt. In her memoir, she shares the magical world of her childhood in the rich, multifaceted city of Alexandria,
Bridging the Divide between Israel and the Arab World Hardcover – May 5, 2015 by Eli Avidar
Eli Avidar looks into the abyss that divides Israel from its Arab neighbors, in order to understand the inherent flaws, prevailing misunderstandings, and tragic mistakes that characterize the relations and bloodletting, and how, if at all possible, to bridge the differences. In doing so, he offers a new perspective about the reality of the Middle East and all the clichés that have transformed the Hebrew-Arab lexicon into a complex and hopeless minefield.
The Journey: From Ismaeleya to Higienópolis - The story of an Egyptian Jew
Whenever I am asked: "Where are you from?" I feel insecure and hesitate to answer. Strange as it may sound, for me the answer is neither simple nor direct. I was born in Cairo Egypt, in 1944, yet I don’t have an Egyptian nationality and can hardly speak the national language, Arabic. I have a French nationality, without ever having lived in France. Although my surname sounds Italian, I don’t speak the Italian.
THE GOLDEN AGE OF THE JEWS FROM EGYPT - UPROOTING AND REVIVAL IN ISRAEL
Dr. Maged Farag talks about Jewish life in contemporary Egypt. Cairo-based historian Dr. Maged Farag, an expert in modern Egyptian history, joins VOI’s Judy Lash Balint in-studio for a wide-ranging discussion on Jewish life in Egypt in the 20th century and Israel-Egypt relations today.
The Movie The Pomegranate of Reconciliation
November 30 has been declared a National Day for the "Commemoration of the Uprooting of Jewish Communities from Arab countries."
Regrettably, the timeline as given contains serious omissions. In effect, the omissions distort reality, and minimize the suffering and ordeals Egyptian Jews experienced starting in the 1940’s and lasting thru the 1970’s, the decades of their ethnic cleansing; less than a dozen Jews remain in Egypt.
29/09/1992 Année de production. Résumé Pendant plus d'un siècle, Alexandrie a été la plus européenne des villes du Moyen Orient, unissant langues, religions et cultures dans un commerce amoureux et financier.
En 1956, la nationalisation nassériste entraine la fuite de différentes communautés et en particulier celle des juifs, groupe ethnique installé en Égypte depuis Alexandre Le Grand. Le reportage d'Antoine Mora donne la parole aux derniers survivants de ce cosmopolitisme, représentés par Joe, dernier commerçant juif de la ville, qui tient une mercerie. En français, il parle de sa vie quotidienne, de son amour pour sa ville, du passé, réunit quelques derniers coreligionnaires dans la synagogue pour célébrer shabbat ...
START ALL OVER AGAIN TRAILER
Interview with Levana Zamir President of of WCJE
حوار اليوم- مع ليفانا زمير
Published on Apr 27, 2015 فراس حامد يحاور ليفانا زمير، رئيسة الاتحاد العالمي ليهود مصر حول التواصل بين اليهود في اسرائيل واقرانهم في مصر
David Sultan is a native of Cairo. He joined Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1964 and served there for some forty years. Among his various posts, Ambassador Sultan headedthe Middle East and Peace Process Department (1989–1992). Abroad, he served as consul general in Milan and as ambassador to Egypt (1992–1996), Canada (1996–2000), and Turkey (2001–2003) respectively. Ambassador Sultan is the author of Between Cairo and Jerusalem: The Normalization between Arab States and Israel—The Egyptian Case.
Notre histoire en Egypte, racontée par Joseph Hakim.
3 part documentary of the Second Exodus filmed in Egypt by an Egyptian. An excellent 3 parts clip video from Egyptians view points. Series narrated in Egyptian Arabic, a perspective from an Egyptian. Please note that many of the still photographs come from the Historical Society of Jews From Egypt (HSJE) website. unfortunately no credits were issued by the reporter